RELATIVES IN ARISTOTLE'S TYPES: RESEARCH FOR A DISCRIMINATING REQUIREMENTS
In the treatise of Classes, after enumerating the ten categories in Chapter 4, Aristotle undertakes to examine all the principle four in a individual Chapter. For the first examining, it seems difficult to understand Aristotle's goal in this detailed analyze. The unity of the request is not really obvious: Aristotle checks certain requirements (contrariety, an even more and a less, simultaneity) for each category. Nevertheless, whenever we more carefully compare the structure plus the results of Chapters Versus, VI, VII, and VIII, we can put forward an idea of Aristotle's aim and suggest an model in which he would look for determining a distinctive personality (idion) coming from all items that are part of one as well as the same category and of them only.
Certainly, Chapters V and NI both end in the same way: Aristotle concludes using what is most special of substance and amount, respectively staying " numerically one and the same [and being] in a position to receive contraries" (4b17) and " staying called the two equal and unequal" (6a35). To the on the contrary, at the end of Chapter VII, instead of the statement of relatives' distinctive figure that we want there, we are faced with a puzzled and perplexed realization that we can understand as being a confession of failure. Aristotle refuses to generate a peremptory (sphodrГґs) ruling on the concerns that touch relatives without needing reexamined them. Thus, he does not offer what is one of the most distinctive of relatives. Regarding this, the category looks as an exception, although Chapter VIII symbolizes a return to the normal case, except that the determination of quality's idion (" getting called comparable and dissimilar" 11a18-19) would not close the Chapter. Aristotle continues which has a discussion of the way certain things seem to show up at the same time into the category of family and in to that of quality. According to Caujolle-Zaslawsky, it really is precisely mainly because Aristotle does not identify what is the most exclusive of family members that this individual does not grasp this category and see it stretching beyond top quality. We shall examine this point within our third section. non-etheless, for three of the 4 categories which have been examined in depth, Aristotle can determine what is all their distinctive persona, and for two of them, closes with that. And since a croyance of perplexity concludes Part VII, we can see here a clue towards hypothesis that in these Chapters, Aristotle does aim to determine an idion that would enable the discrimination of items included in a category and of all of them only.
As, for relatives, Aristotle's executing ends using a confession of failure, this kind of paper offers to explain what family members are by simply examining the obstacles that stand in the pattern of determining an exclusive character. We need to wonder why Aristotle is not satisfied with any examined criterion. And insofar even as we do not have relatives' idion, we shall look for a thing that permits that you identify family anyway irrespective of their tendency to extend further than other types. In this regard, we need to also discuss the problem of overlapping.
1 . 1st difficulty: The immediate diversity of relatives
a. The dual designation in the category
The first hurdle encountered inside the investigation of what is correctly distinctive of relatives is the heterogeneousness of items falling in to this category, which usually straightaway appears much less unified than the various other ones. Initially, the way Aristotle names the class of family members (ta pros ti) clashes with the basic designations of substance (hГЄ ousia), variety (to poson) and top quality (hГЄ poiotГЄs or to poion). Indeed, although other types are specified by a singular substantive, В‘ta pros ti' is in the plural and compares to the substantivization of a prepositional syntagm. To this prepositional figure, we can assess the use, while substantives as well, of В‘to poson'and В‘to poion' which will...
Bibliography: Aristotelis categoriae et liber sobre interpretation, Male impotence. Minio-Paluello, 49
Aristotle, Categories, translated by Ackrill, Oxford, With the Clarendon press, 1963
Caujolle-Zaslawsky, В« Des relatifs dans les CatГ©gories В», in Aubenque, Ideas et catГ©gories dans la pensГ©e antique, Vrin, 1980
Hamelin, Le systГЁme deb 'Aristote, Male impotence. Robin, 1920